RETROSPECTIVA JIRI MENZEL / 16 – 19 mai / Cinema Studio / Bucuresti

Jiri Menzel, regizorul premiat la Oscar si legenda vie a cinematografiei cehesti va sosi la Bucuresti pentru a-si prezenta filmele in timpul retrospectivei organizate de Centrul Ceh in perioada 16-19 mai, la Cinema Studio (Bulevardul Gheorghe Magheru, nr 29).

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PROGRAMUL PROIECTIILOR:
LU 16 mai
20h00 / Amintiri / Cutting it Short

MA 17 mai
18h00 / Sfarsitul vremurilor vechi / The End of Old Times
20h00 / Trenuri bine pazite / Closely Watched Trains

MI 18 mai
18h00 / Micile Perle / Pearls of the Deep
20h00 / Vara capricioasa / Capricious Summer

JO 19 mai
18h00 / Ciocarliile pe sarma / Larks on a String
20h00 / In slujba regelui Angliei / I Served the King of England

* filmele sunt subtitrate in limba romana si engleza

JIRI MENZEL (1938, Praga, Cehia)

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Menzel se numara printre cei mai importanti regizori cehi de film si teatru, dar in acelasi timp, este si actor de teatru si film. El a studiat regia de film la Facultatea de Arte Frumoase din Praga (FAMU) in anii 1958-1962, in perioada care a dat nastere la o intreaga generatie de creatori (incluzandu-i printre altii pe Vera Chytilova si Evald Schorm), denumita „noul val ceh“. Prima lucrare independenta a fost povestirea „Moartea domnului Baltazar“ din filmul „Micile Perle“ ” (Perlicky na dne,1965), o colectie de ecranizari ale catorva povestiri scrise de faimosul scriitor ceh, Bohumil Hrabal. Apoi a debutat in lungmetraje tot cu o ecranizare a lui Hrabal, „Trenuri bine pazite“ (Ostre sledovane vlaky, 1966), film cu care a castigat si premiul Oscar pentru cel mai bun film strain. Insa o data cu ocuparea Cehoslovaciei de catre fortele „Pactului de la Varsovia“, din 1968, si a inceputului perioadei asa-zise „de normalizare“, Menzel a fost unul dintre primii regizori caruia sa-i fie interzis sa mai faca filme. Comunistii au fost deranjati de „Ciocarlii pe sarma“ (Skrivanci na niti, 1969), tot o adaptare dupa Hrabal, care expunea adevarata natura a democratiei din Cehoslovacia anilor 50. Acest film a avut premiera abia in 1990, cand printre multe alte premii, a obtinut si Ursul de Aur la Berlinala.
Cele mai cunoscute filme ale lui Menzel sunt adaptaci ale romanelor lui Hrabal, fata de care l-a legat o stransa prietenie. Printre acestea se numara „Amintiri“ (Postriziny, 1980), Festivalul Ghioceilor (Slavnosti snezenek, 1983) iar cea mai recenta ecranizare, cea cu numarul sase este „In slujba regelui“ (Obsluhoval jsem anglickeho krale,2006). Ca actor de film, el a aparut in mai multe din productiile proprii ”Trenuri bine pazite”, ”Vara capricioasa”, ”Acei oameni minunati si aparatele lor de filmat”, ca si in cele ale altor regizori cehi, ungari, austrieci, germani si francezi. Pentru performanta actoriceasca din filmul regizoarei Vera Chytilova, ”Jocul cu Marul”, a obtinut in anul 1977 Placheta de aur la Festivalul International de Film din Virgin Islands, SUA. Unul din rolurile principale le-a avut in filmul lui Costa Gavras, ‘Mica Apocalipsa”. Din anul 1965 Jiri Menzel a inceput sa practice regia si in teatru. De asemenea, este autor a doua carti. Aproape toate filmele lui Menzel au reprezentat Cehoslovacia si Republica Ceha in cadrul festivalurilor internationale de film din strainatate si o serie dintre ele au obtinut importante premii si mentiuni de onoare. Printre cele mai importante se numara: premiul Oscar si premiul de la FIF din Mannheim din anul 1967 pentru ”Trenuri bine pazite”.
Jiri Menzel este membru al Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, al Academiei europene de film si a nou infiintatei Academia ceha de film si televiziune.

AMINTIRI

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Postriziny / Republica Ceha / 1980 / 93 min.

Filmul prezinta povestea conceperii lui Bohumil Hrabal, faimosul scriitor ceh, asa cum el insusi si-o imagineaza intr-una din cartile sale. Intr-un orasel mic, unde toata lumea se cunoaste cu toata lumea, Francin (Jiri Schmitzer) este managerul unei mari berarii si traieste cu adorabila sa sotie, Maryska (Magda Vasaryova). Aceasta este pentru barbatul sau atat pacoste cat si binecuvantare. Pacoste pentru ca orice barbat o doreste si binecuvantare pentru frumusetea, pofta de viata si inteligenta ei. Lucrurile se precipita insa, o data ce fratele lui Francin se decide să ii viziteze. Un film poetic, cu dialoguri spirituale si o comedie subtila, dar foarte eleganta.

luni 16  mai / 20h00

SFARSITUL VREMURILOR VECHI

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Konec starych casu / Republica Ceha / 1989 / 97 min.

O comedie satirica ce trateaza teme precum aparentele claselor sociale si vesnica tendinta a oamenilor de a-si depasi conditia si clasa sociala căreia apartin. In perioada dintre cele doua razboaie mondiale, o intinsa proprietate de pamant este inchiriata de Stoklasa (Marian Labuda) – un om de afaceri necioplit, dar foarte bogat – care spera sa o cumpere. Se muta impreuna cu familia si servitorii sai acolo, insa sederea lor linistita este tulburata de vizita unui nobil foarte ciudat, Ducele Alexey (Josef Abrham). Metodele violente, dar geniale ale acestuia de a cuceri femeile transforma intreaga regiune intr-un vacarm.

marti 17  mai / 18h00

TRENURI BINE PAZITE

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Ostre sledovane vlaky / Republica Ceha / 1966 / 93 min.

Cu un debut fulminant, primul lungmetraj al lui Jiri Menzel i-a adus acestuia premiul Oscar pentru “Cel mai bun film strain”, in 1967. O capodopera regizorala vazuta cu un fin simt al observatiei, candoare si o sensibilitate aparte, umana. Este ecranizarea cartii scrise de Bohumil Hrabal, cel care este totodata si scenaristul filmului (devenit intre timp colaborator frecvent si prieten al lui Menzel). Actiunea se petrece intr-o gara izolata din Cehia, in timpul ocuparii naziste si urmareste maturizarea adolescentului timid pe nume Milos (Vaclav Neckar), proaspat angajat al garii. Grija cea mai mare a tanarului, in ciuda turbulentelor create de razboi si a furiei reprimate a oamenilor din jurul sau, este cum sa scape de virginitate.

marti 17  mai / 20h00

MICILE PERLE

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Perlicky na dne / Republica Ceha / 1965 / 105 min.

Filmul prezinta cinci povești realizate de cei mai reprezentativi regizori cehi ai epocii. Scenarii inteligente, dar tsioase si regii indraznete se regasesc in fiecare dintre cele cinci filme scurte: “Moartea domnului Baltazar” de Jiri Menzel, “Escrocii” de Jan Nemec, “Casa Bucuriei” de Evald Schorm, “Bufetul Mondial” de Vera Chytilova si “Dragoste” de Jaromil Jires. Filmele nu numai ca surprind aroma absurdului ce caracterizează opera lui Hrabal, dar dezvaluie in acelasi timp talentul si stilul unic al fiecaruia dintre regizorii cehi cei mai apreciati ai erei. Colectia subliniaza abordarea revolutionara si curajoasa a noii epoci cinematografice, in care filmele erau facute cu multa substanta si stil.

miercuri  18  mai / 18h00

VARA CAPRICIOASA

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Rozmarne leto / Republica Ceha / 1968 / 74 min.

O privire inteligenta, amuzanta si in primul rand tandra asupra slabiciunilor umane si a tineretii pierdute. Dupa succesul international al filmului premiat la Oscar, “Trenuri bine pazite”, aceasta ecranizare a romanului comic scris de Vladislav Vancura, este filmat intr-un oras provincial plicticos si ii are in centrul atentiei pe 3 prieteni de varsta mijlocie: un preot, un ofiter al armatei in rezerva si proprietarul unei piscine. Libidourile lor tomnatice sunt reanimate de venirea in oras a frumoasei Anna (Jana Drchalova), asistenta unui acrobat pe sarma interpretat chiar de Menzel. Regizorul a invatat sa mearga pe sarma, special pentru acest rol.

miercuri 18  mai / 20h00

CIOCARLIILE PE SARMA

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Skrivanci na niti / Republica Ceha / 1990 / 90 min.

Adaptarea unei colectii de povestiri scrise de Bohumil Hrabal, filmul se petrece in anii 1950, in orasul Kladno. Un grup de “disidenți burghezi” printre care un profesor de filozofie, un bibliotecar, un saxofonist si un procuror, este fortat sa se supuna reeducării, muncind intr-un combinat siderurgic. Un detasament de femei detinute politic lucreaza in apropiere si intre cele doua grupuri se formeaza o tensiune sexuala ce produce in mod surprinzator un umor contagios. O data cu acesta, simpatia sincera a lui Menzel se extinde atat asupra opresorilor, cat si asupra oprimatilor.

joi 19  mai / 18h00

IN SLUJBA REGELUI ANGLIEI

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Obsluhoval jsem anglickeho krále / Republica Ceha / 2006 / 120 min

Cea de-a sasea și cea mai recenta adaptare a operei lui Bohumil Hrabal, marca Menzel, urmareste povestea lui Jan Dite (Ivan Barnev), un chelner curajos care calatoreste prin Europa Centrala cu ambitii foarte mari. In timp ce serveste diversi oameni politici la un bordel din Cehoslovacia anilor 1930, sentimentele sale sunt ranite de observarea acestor badarani, prin bratele carora se perinda prostituate la diverse banchete obscen de bogate si scaldate in bere si coniac. Aceste scene de “maraton al gurmanzilor” ofera poate cele mai caustice si satirice imagini filmate vreodata ale lacomiei in stare pura.

joi 19 mai / 20h00

BOHUMIL HRABAL (1914 – 1997, Cehia)

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Bohumil Hrabal este unul dintre cei mai important scriitori cehi ai secolului 20. Pana sa-si descopere pasiunea pentru scris, el a avut o multime de meserii, printre care preot, lucrator la caile ferate, conductor, vanzator ambulant, etc. Insa din 1963 si pana la tragica lui moarte in februarie 1997, s-a dedicat complet scrisului.
Prima sa incercare de a publica romanul “Ciocarlii pe sarma” (Skrivanci na niti, 1959) a fost interzisa imediat de catre comunisti. Asa ca prima lui publicatie, colectia de povestiri scurte “Micile perle” (Perlicky na dne), a vazut lumina zilei abia in 1963. Insa popularitatea de care s-a bucurat rapid i-a oferit sansa de continua sa publice. Asadar au urmat  ‘Ore de dans pentru varstnici si avansati’ (Tanecni hodiny pro starsi a pokrocile, 1964), ‘Trenuri cu prioritate’ (Ostre sledovane vlaky, 1965) si ‘Anunt pentru casa in care nu mai vreau sa locuiesc’ (Inzerat na dum, ve kterem jiz nechci bydlet, 1965). Dupa ocuparea Cehoslovaciei de catre fortele Pactului de la Varsovia in 1968, lui Hrabal i-a fost din nou interzis sa mai publice. Dar el nu a fost descurajat, continuand sa isi scrie capodoperele masterpieces ‘L-am servit pe regele Angliei’ (Obsluhoval jsem anglickeho krale, 1974), ‘Smocuri de par’ (Postriziny, 1976), ‘Serbarile ghioceilor’ (Slavnosti snezenek, 1979), ‘O singuratate prea zgomotoasa’ (Prílis hlucna samota, 1980) si ‘Milioanele arlechinului’ (Harlekynovy miliony, 1981). Acestea au fost urmate de trilogia autobiografica alcatuita din volumele ‘Wedding in the House’ (Svatby v dome), ‘Vita nuova’ and ‘Vacant Lots’ (Proluky), publicate la sfarsitul anilor 80. Hrabal scrie intr-un stil expresiv si puternic vizual. Majoritatea personajelor sale sunt portretizate ca fiind “intelepti prosti” – indivizi simpli cu ganduri profunde ocazionale – carora le este atribuit umorul grosier, desfraul, si o puternica determinare de a supravietui si a se bucura de sine, in ciuda circumstantelor dure.

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// ENGLISH VERSION

Jirí Menzel, the Oscar winning film director and living legend of Czech cinematography, will arrive to Bucharest to present his films during retrospective organised by the Czech Centre on May 16-19 at Cinema Studio (Bd Gheorghe Magheru 29).

Cutting it Short
Set in a small town, where everybody knows everybody, the film focuses on Francin (Jiří Schmitzer), manager of a large brewery, and his lovely wife, Maryška (Magda Vášáryová). It’s the story of how  the Czech writer, Bohumil Hrabal was born, as the writer himself pictured it. For Francin, his wife is both bane and bless. Bane because every man longs for her and bless because she’s beautiful, lively and intelligent. And the visit of Francin’s brother isn’t going to set things right. A poetic movie, filled with witty dialogues and elegant, but subtle comedy.

The End of Old Times
Satirical comedy that  deals with topics such as appearance, upper class and the ever lasting human tendency to climb up on the latter of the social hierarchy. In the period between the two world wars, a large country estate is rented by Stoklasa (Marian Labuda) – a somewhat uncouth, but very wealthy businessman- who hopes to buy it. He and his family and staff have settled down comfortably when their quiet stay is derailed by a visit of  a very peculiar nobleman, Duke Alexey (Josef Abrhám) whose genial, boisterous ways and penchant for women sets the whole region in an uproar.

Closely Watched Trains
One of cinema’s auspicious debuts, Jiří Menzel’s much-loved first feature won the Oscar for Best Foreign Film in 1967. A masterpiece of warm, well-observed, bittersweet, humanist filmmaking. Based on a novel by Bohumil Hrabal, who co-wrote the script (and who became a frequent Menzel’s collaborator), Closely Watched Trains is set at a remote country rail station during the Nazi occupation. It tells of the awkward coming of age of shy adolescent Miloš (Václav Neckář), a trainee rail guard whose biggest concern, amidst the turbulence of the war and resistance raging around him, is how to lose his virginity.

Pearls of the Deep
A showcase for the breakout filmmakers of that era, „Pearls of the deep“ offers five sharply written and boldly directed films: “The Death of Mr. Baltazar” by Jiří Menzel, “The Swindlers” by Jan Němec, “House of Joy” by Evald Schorm, “The Globe Buffet” by Věra Chytilová, and “Romance” by Jaromil Jireš. The films not only capture the absurd flavor of Hrabal’s writing but also reveal the talents and styles of the best Czech directors of the age. The collection underscores the revolutionary approach and daring motifs of a new cinematic era, in which movies were made audacious in substance and style.

Capricious Summer
An observant, affectionate, bittersweet comedy about lost youth, Capricious Summer was Jirí Menzel’s first-rate follow-up to the Oscar-winning Closely Watched Trains, his celebrated first feature. Based on an acclaimed comic novel by Vladislav Vancura, the movie is set in a sleepy provincial town, where the autumnal libidos of three middle-aged friends – a priest, a retired army officer, and a swimming pool proprietor – are set soaring by the arrival of beautiful young Anna (Jana Drchalová), assistant to an itinerant circus tightrope walker, played by Menzel himself, who learned to walk tightrope for the role.

Larks on a String
Adapted from a collection of stories by Bohumil Hrabal, the film is set in the 1950s in the town of Kladno, were a group of “bourgeois dissidents,” including a philosophy professor, a librarian, a saxophonist, and a public prosecutor, have been forced to undergo “re-education”,  by working on a factory scrap heap. A detail of female political prisoners labours nearby, with the sexual tension between the two groups making for some surprisingly cheerful humour, and Menzel’s mirthful sympathies extending to both oppressors and oppressed.

I Served the King of England
Menzel’s sixth and most recent screen adaptation of the work of Bohumil Hrabal. It tells the story of Jan Dite (Ivan Barnev), the plucky little waiter who bounces around central Europe with colossal ambitions. Catering to political and military fat cats at a fancy brothel in 1930s Czechoslovakia, his appetites are piqued as he observes these pompous boors dandling prostitutes on their laps while washing down obscenely rich banquets with beer and brandy. These scenes of „marathon gourmandizing“ offer some of the most pungently satirical observations of unfettered gluttony ever filmed.

JIRI MENZEL
Menzel is one of the most important Czech film and theater directors of all time, while also acting in movies and plays. He studied drama at the FAMU University in Prague between 1958 – 1962. It was a particularly talented generation (it included among others Věra Chytilová and Evald Schorm), and is generally regarded as the driving force behind the Czech New Wave.
His first independent work was the episode “The Death of Mr. Baltazar” in “Pearls of the Deep” (Perličky na dně,1965), devoted to the work of Czech writer Bohumil Hrabal. And then, the first solo full-length feature, Closely Watched Trains (Ostře sledované vlaky, 1966), based also on a story by Bohumil Hrabal, won him the Oscar for Best foreign-language film. With the occupation of Czechoslovakia by Warsaw Pact forces in 1968 and the period of so-called ‘normalization’ that followed, he was one of the first directors to be barred from film-making. The communists were particularly outraged by his next Hrabal adaptation Larks on a String (Skřivánci na niti, 1969) – an exposé of the true nature of ‘people’s democracy’ in fifties’ Czechoslovakia. (The film was not premiered until 1990 when, among other awards, it won a Golden Bear at Berlin). It  was the chance to adapt two other Hrabal works for the screen – Cutting it Short (Postřižiny, 1980) and Snowdrop Festival (Slavnosti sněženek, 1983) that finally brought him real creative freedom. Since then he has worked exclusively in the theatre, in Prague’s Činoherní klub (Drama Club), Divadlo na zábradlí (Theatre on the Balustrade), Divadlo na Vinohradech (Vineyards Theatre), and as guest director on several leading European stages, among them the Comédie-Française in Paris. Other full-length features directed by Menzel include Capricious Summer (Rozmarné léto, 1967), Seclusion Near the Forest (Na samotě u lesa, 1976), The End of the Old Times (Konec starých časů, 1989) and his latest film, the 6th ecranization of a Hrabal novel titled I served the King of England (Obsluhoval jsem anglického krále,2006)
Among Menzel’s notable appearances as an actor we should mention his roles in The Accused (Obžalovaný, 1964) which won its joint directors Ján Kadár and Elmar Kloss an Oscar, The Body-Burner (Spalovač mrtvol, 1968, dir. Juraj Herz), The Apple Game (Hra o jablko, 1976, dir. Věra Chytilová), Martha and I (Martha und Ich, 1990, dir. Jiří Weiss), La Petite Apocalypse (1992, dir. Costa-Gavras) and Escape to Budin (Útek do Budína, 2002, dir. Miloslav Luther).
Jiří Menzel is a member of The Czech Film and Television Academy, The European Film Academy and The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. He has received many prestigious awards, among them the French order of Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres and the Akira Kurosawa Prize for a lifetime’s achievement at the San Francisco Film Festival.

BOHUMIL HRABAL
Bohumil Hrabal is one of the most important Czech writers of the 20th century. Until discovering his true gift of writing, he had a variety of jobs – including clerk, railway labourer, train conductor, travelling salesman, etc. But from 1963 till his tragic death in February 1997 he devoted himself full-time to writing. His first attempt of a novel,‘Larks on a String’ (Skřivánci na niti, 1959) was banned immediately by the communists. So the first book he actually published, the collection of short stories ‘Pearls on the Bottom’ (Perličky na dně), did not see the light of day until 1963. Its enormous popularity soon led to a series of novels: ‘Dancing Lessons for the Advanced in Age’ (Taneční hodiny pro starší a pokročilé, 1964), ‘Closely Watched Trains’ (Ostře sledované vlaky, 1965) and ‘Advertising the Sale of the House I no Longer Wish to Live in’ (Inzerát na dům, ve kterém již nechci bydlet, 1965). After the occupation of Czechoslovakia by Warsaw Pact forces in 1968, Hrabal was again forbidden to publish. But Hrabal was not deterred, and went on to produce his masterpieces ‘I Served the King of England’ (Obsluhoval jsem anglického krále, 1974), ‘Cutting it Short’ (Postřižiny, 1976), ‘Snowdrops Festival’ (Slavnosti sněženek, 1979), ‘Too Loud a Solitude’ (Příliš hlučná samota, 1980) and ‘The Harlequin Millions’ (Harlekýnovy milióny, 1981). These were followed in the late 1980s by the autobiographical trilogy ‘Wedding in the House’ (Svatby v domě), ‘Vita nuova’ and ‘Vacant Lots’ (Proluky). Hrabal wrote in an expressive, highly visual style and many of his characters are portrayed as “wise fools” – simpletons with occasional inadvertently profound thoughts – who are also given to coarse humour, lewdness, and a determination to survive and enjoy oneself despite harsh circumstances.

ARTMAP

Today at 12:00, Noduri de cultură în Capitală – soluții de regenerare urbanăToday at 17:00, Bucharest
Today at 20:00, Original Copy / DMToday at 22:00, Bucharest
Tmrw at 15:30, Istoria filmului european în GIF-uri → Thu. 26/10, Bucharest
Wed. 25/10, Expoziţie Cele Mai Frumoase Cărţi, ediţia a VI-a → Sat. 11/11, Bucharest
Wed. 25/10, ARC Talks: Helga Christoffersen & Veronica Valentini → Wed. 25/10, Bucharest
Thu. 26/10, Proiectie film" Girl Power" → Thu. 26/10, Bucharest
Thu. 26/10, Made in CZ / Found in RO → Fri. 03/11, Bucharest
Thu. 26/10, Biografii fără domiciliu | Conferințele de la Șosea #7 → Thu. 26/10, Bucharest
Thu. 26/10, Arhiva Cineclubului Stud-Film → Thu. 26/10, Bucharest
Thu. 26/10, Festival de Film Rus 2017 → Sun. 29/10, Bucharest
Thu. 26/10, Psycho (r. Iris Spiridon) / 26 oct → Thu. 26/10, Bucharest
Sat. 28/10, FOKUS TALK Octombrie: Fără limite → Sat. 28/10, Bucharest
Sun. 29/10, Granița – documentarul Green-Frilensăr pe Contour → Sun. 29/10, Bucharest
Mon. 30/10, Slam Poetry → Mon. 30/10, Bucharest
Tue. 31/10, 195 de ani de la nașterea arh. Carol Benisch → Tue. 31/10, Bucharest
Wed. 01/11, UrbanEye Film Festival 2017 → Sun. 05/11, Bucharest
Thu. 02/11, Liminal Talks → Fri. 03/11, Bucharest
Thu. 09/11, Róbert Köteles Solo Show → Sun. 14/01, Bucharest
Thu. 16/11, Chrysta Bell live in Control → Thu. 16/11, Bucharest
Fri. 17/11, ArchiTECHture Conference&Expo 17 noiembrie → Fri. 17/11, Cluj-Napoca
Sat. 25/11, Black Lips live in Control → Sat. 25/11, Bucharest

You can still see

Fri. 04/08, Cinema în aer liber la OCC → Sun. 29/10, Bucharest
Thu. 21/09, Expoziţie "Hacia el mar" / "Spre mare", de Clara Durán → Sat. 28/10, Bucharest
Mon. 25/09, LdaVi Call for VR Worldbuilding Lab → Tue. 05/12, Bucharest
Sat. 30/09, Dorian – spectacol de dans contemporanToday at 21:00, Bucharest
Fri. 06/10, Petanqfuck → Fri. 17/11, Cluj-Napoca
Sat. 21/10, DISCO BTT: Expoziție Multimedia → Sat. 11/11, Bucharest